Glaucoma is a disease that that damages the eye’s optic nerve due to a buildup of intraocular pressure in the eye. The optic nerve is connected to the retina — a layer of light-sensitive tissue lining the back of the eye — and is made up of many nerve fibers. It is the optic nerve that sends signals from your retina to your brain, where these signals are interpreted as the images you see.
The healthy eye is filled with a clear fluid called aqueous humor which circulates inside the front portion of your eye. Your eye continually produces a small amount of aqueous humor while an equal amount flows out of your eye in order to maintain a constant healthy eye pressure. Glaucoma means that the aqueous humor is not flowing out of your eye properly and that pressure in the eye is building up. This pressure can cause damage to your optic nerve over time.
Early detection is key with glaucoma. People of any age with glaucoma symptoms or glaucoma risk factors, such as diabetes, family history of glaucoma, or those of African descent, should see an ophthalmologist regularly.
If you have glaucoma, your ophthalmologist may recommend daily medicated eyedrops to lower your eye pressure. In some patients with glaucoma, surgery is recommended in order to improve the flow of fluid out of the eye. There are several types of procedures that may be recommended by our ophthalmologists, based on your specific case.
Glaucoma Study at Southern Eye Associates
Southern Eye has been selected as a host site for research to evaluate a new investigative eye drop for the lowering of intraocular pressure in patients who have glaucoma and ocular hypertension.